Constitution of the United States Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

Article III.

Section. 1.The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.

Section. 2.The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;–to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;–to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;–to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;–to Controversies between two or more States;– between a State and Citizens of another State,–between Citizens of different States,–between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.

In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.

The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.

Section. 3.Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.

The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.

Article. IV.

Section. 1.Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

Section. 2.The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.

A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.

No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.

Section. 3.New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.

The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.

Section. 4.The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened), against domestic Violence.

Article. V.

The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.

Article. VI.

All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.

This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.

The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.

Article. VII.

The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.

Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent of the States present, the seventeenth day September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the independence of the United States of America the twelfth. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names.

Founding Fathers

  • abraham_baldwin Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Abraham Baldwin
    Georgia

  • alexander_hamilton Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Alexander Hamilton
    New York

  • benjamin_franklin Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Benjamin Franklin
    Pennsylvania

  • charles_cotesworth_pinckney Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
    South Carolina

  • charles_pinckney Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Charles Pinckney
    South Carolina

  • daniel_-carroll Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Daniel Carroll
    Maryland

  • daniel_-carroll Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer
    Maryland

  • david_bearley Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    David Brearley
    New Jersey

  • george_clymber Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    George Clymer
    Pennsylvania

  • george_read Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    George Read
    Delaware

  • george_washington Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    George Washington
    Virginia

  • gouverneur_morris Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Gouverneur Morris
    Pennsylvania

  • gunning_bedford_jr Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Gunning Bedford Jr.
    Delaware

  • hugh-williamson Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Hugh Williamson
    North Carolina

  • jacob_broom Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Jacob Broom
    Delaware

  • james_madison Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    James Madison
    Virginia

  • james_mchenry Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    James McHenry
    Maryland

  • james_wilson Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    James Wilson
    Pennsylvania

  • jared_ingersoll Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Jared Ingersoll
    Pennsylvania

  • john_blair Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    John Blair
    Virginia

  • john_dickinson Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    John Dickinson
    Delaware

  • john_langdon Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    John Langdon
    New Hampshire

  • john_rutledge Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    John Rutledge
    South Carolina

  • jonathan_dayton Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Jonathan Dayton
    New Jersey

  • nathaniel_gorham Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Nathaniel Gorham
    Massachusetts

  • nicholas_gilman Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Nicholas Gilman
    New Hampshire

  • pierce_butler Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Pierce Butler
    South Carolina

  • richard_bussett Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Richard Bassett
    Delaware

  • richard_dobbs_spaight Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Richard Dobbs Spaight
    North Carolina

  • robert_morris Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Robert Morris
    Pennsylvania

  • roger_sherman Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Roger Sherman
    Connecticut

  • rufus_king Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Rufus King
    Massachusetts

  • thomas_fitzsimons Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Thomas FitzSimons
    Pennsylvania

  • thomas_mifflin Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    Thomas Mifflin
    Pennsylvania

  • william_blount Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    William Blount
    North Carolina

  • william_few Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    William Few
    Georgia

  • william_jackson Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    William Jackson

  • william_livingston Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    William Livingston
    New Jersey

  • william_paterson Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    William Patterson
    New Jersey

  • william_samuel_johnson Constitution of the United States  Articles III.,IV,V.,VI. and VII.

    William Samuel Johnson
    Connecticut

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